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Address: 1530 E. Elizabeth Street, Pasadena, CA 91104.  |   Email: sgcpasadena@gmail.com

 

Sunday Services

10:00 am

Sunday Teaching Classes

9:00am

Sovereign Grace Church Pasadena

1530 E. Elizabeth St.

Pasadena, CA 91104

 

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Resurrection Power Point - 1

RESURRECTION

   

Overview of the Course

  • Centrality of the Resurrection to Christianity

  • Certainty, Truth, World Views & Miracles

  • Critics Case: establish based on the minimally accepted facts

  • –  Outside sources

  • –  The Bible as a historical document

  • Logical Case: propositional case for

  • Consider the alternatives explanations

  • Conspiracies

  • Counter arguments such as cultural co-option of other beliefs

    Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4

   

Sources

  • William Lane Craig

  • Gary Habermas

  • N.T. Wright

  • Craig Hazen

  • Mike Licona

  • J Warner Wallace

  • Lee Strobel

  • Inspiring Philosophy

   

Presuppositions

■ NOT treating the New Testament as Scripture.

  • –  No presumption their theological points are true.

  • –  Not considering them as God’s words

  • –  Do consider them as historical documents

■ New Testament Writings are a reliable source

  • –  We accurately know what was originally written.

  • –  The historical agreement of the New Testament writings with extra biblical and archaeological sources indicate the writings occurred within the time frame of events.

  • –  Since reliability is a multi-week study in itself, please revisit that study or talk to me on that subject should you have questions.

■ We can know true things about historical events.

CENTRALITY Of The Bodily Resurrection of Jesus to the Christian Message

   

Two Questions

  • What was “the Gospel” preached in the first century?

  • What did the earliest Christians mean by the Resurrection?

   

Gospel

■ Comes from a Greek work euangelion (or euangelizomai)

  • –  Literally “Good News”

  • –  Used to announce victory of a battle or the reign of a new king.

  • –  “the beginning of glad tidings” (euangelion) (9 B.C. inscription concerning Augustus) ”...that have come to men through him.”

  • –  According to Holman Illustrated Bible: “The two central features [of the term Gospel] are
    [1] that Jesus the Messiah died on the cross and
    [2] rose from the dead according to the Scriptures.

  • The Gospel announced the new reign of Jesus as king, and that through His death he defeated sin (made atonement) and for anyone that put their trust in Him, death will have lost it’s sting.

  • The early NT creeds and understanding of the Gospel always included Jesus’ death and resurrection.

   

The Gospel

■ 1 Cor 15:1 “Now I would remind you, brothers, of the gospel I preached to you, which you received, in which you stand, 2 and by which you are being saved , if you hold fast to the word I preached to you—unless you believed in vain.

For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the
Scriptures, 4 that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures, 5 and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. 6 Then he appeared to more than five hundred brothers at one time, most of whom are still alive, though some have fallen asleep.7 Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles. 8 Last of all, as to one untimely born, he appeared also to me.

   

The Gospel

■ 1 Cor 15:1 “Now I would remind you, brothers, of the gospel I preached to you, which you received, in which you stand, 2 and by which you are being saved , if you hold fast to the word I preached to you—unless you believed in vain.

For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures, 4 that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures, 5 and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. 6 Then he appeared to more than five hundred brothers at one time, most of whom are still alive, though some have fallen asleep.7 Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles.8 Last of all, as to one untimely born, he appeared also to me.

   

The Gospel

■ 1 Cor 15:1 “Now I would remind you, brothers, of the gospel I preached to you, which you received, in which you stand, 2 and by which you are being saved , if you hold fast to the word I preached to you—unless you believed in vain.

For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the
Scriptures, 4 that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures, 5 and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. 6 Then he appeared to more than five hundred brothers at one time, most of whom are still alive, though some have fallen asleep.7 Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles. 8 Last of all, as to one untimely born, he appeared also to me.

   

The Gospel

■ 1 Cor 15:1 “Now I would remind you, brothers, of the gospel I preached to you, which you received, in which you stand, 2 and by which you are being saved , if you hold fast to the word I preached to you—unless you believed in vain.

For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received:

that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures, 4 that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures, 5 and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. 6 Then he appeared to more than five hundred brothers at one time, most of whom are still alive, though some have fallen asleep.7 Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles. 8 Last of all, as to one untimely born, he appeared also to me.

   

The Gospel

■ 1 Cor 15: 11 Whether then it was I or they, so we preach and so you believed.

   

The Gospel

  • Galatians 1:6: 6 I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting him who called you in the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel— 7 not that there is another one,
    but there are some who trouble you and want to distort the gospel of Christ.8 But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach to you a gospel contrary to the one we preached to

    you, let him be accursed. 9 As we have said before, so now I say again: If anyone is preaching to you a gospel contrary to the one you received, let him be accursed.

  • Galatians 2:6: 6 And from those who seemed to be influential (what they were makes no difference to me; God shows no partiality)—those, I say, who seemed influential added nothing to me.

   

The Gospel

  • Galatians 1:6: 6 I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting him who called you in the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel— 7 not that there is another one,
    but there are some who trouble you and want to distort the gospel of Christ.8 But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach to you a gospel contrary to the one we preached to

    you, let him be accursed. 9 As we have said before, so now I say again: If anyone is preaching to you a gospel contrary to the one you received, let him be accursed.

  • Galatians 2:6: 6 And from those who seemed to be influential (what they were makes no difference to me; God shows no partiality)—those, I say, who seemed influential added nothing to me.

   

The Gospel

  • Galatians 1:6: 6 I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting him who called you in the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel— 7 not that there is another one, but there are some who trouble you and want to distort the gospel of Christ.8 But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach to you a gospel contrary to the one we preached to you, let him be accursed. 9 As we have said before, so now I say again: If anyone is preaching to you a gospel contrary to the one you received, let him be accursed.

  • Galatians 2:6: 6 And from those who seemed to be influential (what they were makes no difference to me; God shows no partiality)—those, I say, who seemed influential added nothing to me. [my message]

   

The Gospel

  • 1Peter 1:3 3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! According to his great mercy, he has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, 4 to an inheritance that is imperishable, undefiled, and unfading, kept in heaven for you, 5 who by God's power are being guarded through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.

  • 1Peter 1:25: 25 but the word of the Lord remains forever.” And this word is the good news that was preached to you.

  • The early Gospel always included the resurrection of Jesus.

   

The Resurrection

■ 1Peter 1:18-25: 18 knowing that you were ransomed from the futile ways inherited from your forefathers, not with perishable things such as silver or gold, 19 but with the precious blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without blemish or spot. 20 He was foreknown before the foundation of the world but was made manifest in the last times for the sake of you 21 who through him are believers in God, who raised him from the dead and gave him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.

22 Having purified your souls by your obedience to the truth for a sincere brotherly love, love one another earnestly from a pure heart, 23 since you have been born again, not of perishable seed but of imperishable, through the living and abiding word of God; 24 for

“All flesh is like grass
and all its glory like the flower of grass.

The grass withers, and the flower falls,

25 but the word of the Lord remains forever.”

   

The Resurrection

  • 1 Cor 15:1 “Now I would remind you, brothers, of the gospel I preached to you, which you received, in which you stand, 2 and by which you are being saved , if you hold fast to the word I preached to you—unless you believed in vain.

    For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures, 4 that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures, 5 and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. 6 Then he appeared to more than five hundred brothers at one time, most of whom are still alive, though some have fallen asleep.7 Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles.8 Last of all, as to one untimely born, he appeared also to me.

  • Jesus bodily appeared

   

Resurrection

■ Acts 2:22-28 22 “Men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, a man attested to you by God with mighty works and wonders and signs that God did through him in your midst, as you yourselves know— 23 this Jesus, delivered up according
to the definite plan and foreknowledge of God, you crucified and killed by the hands of lawless men. 24 God raised him up, loosing the pangs of death, because it was not possible for him to be held by it. 25 For David says concerning him,

“‘I saw the Lord always before me,
for he is at my right hand that I may not be shaken;

26 therefore my heart was glad, and my tongue rejoiced; my flesh also will dwell in hope.

27 For you will not abandon my soul to Hades, or let your Holy One see corruption.

28 You have made known to me the paths of life;
you will make me full of gladness with your presence.’

■ The tomb where Jesus was buried because he has been bodily

   

Resurrection

■ Acts 2:29-36 29 “Brothers, I may say to you with confidence about the patriarch David that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us to this day. 30 Being therefore a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that he would set one of his descendants on his throne, 31 he foresaw and spoke about the resurrection of the Christ,

that he was not abandoned to Hades, nor did his flesh see corruption. 32 This Jesus God raised up, and of that we all are witnesses.33 Being therefore exalted at the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured out this that you yourselves are seeing and hearing. 34 For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he himself says,

“‘The Lord said to my Lord,
“Sit at my right hand,
35 until I make your enemies your footstool.”’

   

The Resurrection

  • 1 Corinthians 15:12-26

  • 12 Now if Christ is proclaimed as raised from the dead, how can some of you say that there is no resurrection of the
    dead? 13 But if there is no resurrection of the dead, then not even Christ has been raised. 14 And if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is in vain and your faith is in vain. 15 We are even found to be misrepresenting God, because we testified about God that he raised Christ, whom he did not raise if it is true that the dead are not raised. 16 For if the dead are not raised, not even Christ has been raised. 17 And if Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile and you are still in your

    sins. 18 Then those also who have fallen asleep in Christ have perished. 19 If in Christ we have hope[b] in this life only, we are of all people most to be pitied.

  • 20 But in fact Christ has been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep. 21 For as by a man came death, by a man has come also the resurrection of the

   

Resurrection

  • 1 Thessalonians 4:13-14: 13 But we do not want you to be uninformed, brothers, about those who are asleep, that you may not grieve as others do who have no hope. 14 For since we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so, through Jesus, God will bring with him those who have fallen asleep.

  • Jesus died and rose from the grave, and therefore you can trust that one day those who have died will bodily rise again from the dead.

Centrality of

the Resurrection

CONCLUSION

 

■ The earliest Christian teachers taught that the bodily resurrection of Jesus was central component of their Gospel message.

CERTAINTY Truth and World Views

   

Three Questions

  • What are belief, faith and truth?

  • Can we be certain about knowledge?

  • How can miracles be true?

   

Truth

■ A 1991 Barna poll found that 66% of Americans did not believe in the existence of objective truth.

■ This group of adults agreed with the statement, “two people could define truth in totally conflicting ways, but both could still be correct.”

■ Further, this poll found that just over half of evangelical and “born again” Christians held this view, called relativism.

   

– –

■ ■

Belief, Faith & Truth

Mark Twain “Faith is believing what you know ain’t true.”

Belief is how we interact with Truth

We believe statements that are either true or false
If a statement corresponds to reality, then our belief is true.

Examples

It is raining outside. The sky is blue. Jesus rose from the dead.

A proposition is true if it corresponds to reality

Belief True Proposition

   

Belief, Faith & Truth ■ Faith

  • “Complete trust or confidence in someone or something” -Oxford American Dictionary

  • Faith leverages our certainty in a truth; trust.

  • Faith may be more than certainty, but it is not less than it.

    ■ Blind Faith

■ Requires the modifier “blind” to distinguish it from actual faith

   

Certainty

  • The degree to which we believe something is true is a measure of our certainty.

  • Being very certain does not make something more true.

  • Being uncertain does not make something less true.

  • Experts can disagree, but that does not make something more or less true.

  • Generally speaking, the higher the stakes and the potential consequences, the more important it is to have more certainty.

– So how can one know, be certain of a truth of history?

   

Certainty

  • Selfhood

  • Existence of others

  • Mathematical / Philosophical Truths

  • –  Law of Identity—A cannot be ~A at the same time and in the

    same sense.

  • –  Addition

■ Basic facts concerning current events, geography, and world
– Who here has verified: The governor of California, the existence

of the Tien-Shan Mountain range in Kazakhstan, Gravity

■ Facts about History

   

“My heart cannot rejoice in what my mind rejects as false.”

Josh McDowell

   

World View

  • A particular philosophy of life or conception of the world. –OED

  • A world view is like a pair of prescription sunglasses through which one focuses and filters the world.

  • A world view can

  • –  filter out

  • –  focus

  • –  de-focus and confuse

■ Everyone has a world view, not all world views are correct.

   

Two Prominent World Views

■ Post Modernism / Moral Relativism

  • –  No one can know anything with certainty.

  • –  Experts disagree, therefore know one knows.

  • –  What’s true for you might not be true for me

■ Naturalism / Materialism / Scientism – The world, the universe is all there is.

■ Every artifact or phenomena within the world can be explained by appealing to some artifact or phenomena within the world.

– We can only know truths through the tools of science ■ Miracles ?

   

Miracles

  • By definition, miracles are a supernatural action within the natural.

  • Miracles:

  • –  Singular events

  • –  Not repeatable

  • –  Not a result of a physical phenomena (though they may have a physical result).

■ If your world view excludes the possibility of miracles, than any evidence that miracle has occurred must be reinterpreted.

   

Miracles & Ancient History
■ “No Greco-Roman historian fails to

record miracles.” – Gary Habermas (Historian, NT Scholar, Philosopher of Religion)

  • Caesar see’s ravens as an oracle predicting his death.

  • Plutarch claims Alexandar the Great was the Son of Jupiter and

    the son of a virgin.

– Note: Plutarch worte 100 years after Jesus—where did Plutarch get the idea of a virgin birth?

   

Miracles

■ First century witnesses of Jesus were convinced in large part due to his miracles, but not due to the fact that they did not understand the natural world.

  • –  Healing

  • –  Feeding

  • –  Resurrection

  • Place upon a historical timeline, miracles in the Bible are relatively rare.

  • First century people were much more intimately aware of the gritty details of death, birth, and the food cycle, though they did not know the science behind it.

   

Miracles
■ If God exists, then Miracles are possible.

– Watch out for circular reasoning
■ Christianity makes the claim is that the resurrection was

evidence for the truth of the Christian claim.

  • –  Miracle

  • –  Event in [now] ancient history

■ Falsifiability

   

■ 1Cor 15: 1—19 But if there is no resurrection of the dead, then not even Christ has been raised. 14 And if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is in vain and your faith is in vain. 15 We are even found to be misrepresenting God, because we testified about God that he raised Christ, whom he did not raise if it is true that the dead are not raised. 16 For if the dead are not raised, not even Christ has been
raised. 17 And if Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile and you are still in your sins. 18 Then those also who have fallen asleep in Christ have perished. 19 If in Christ we have hope in this life only, we are of all people most to be pitied.

   
  • What was “the Gospel” preached in the first century?

  • What did the earliest Christians mean by the Resurrection?

  • What are belief, faith and truth?

  • Can we be certain about knowledge?

  • How can miracles be true?

   

Conclusions

  • The historical truth of a bodily resurrection is central to Christianity.

  • Resurrection from the dead meant a physical, bodily resurrection, not Casper the Ghost.

  • The predominant world views of our time are Post Modernism and Naturalism

  • Post Modernism denies anyone can know truth with certainty, and the nature of truth itself is in jeopardy.

  • Naturalism presumes that nature is all that exists, and excludes anything outside nature.

  • These views (A) exclude Christianity without any evidence and (B) exclude the evidence that would suggest its truth out of hand.

   

Questions?